ارائه الگوی مشارکت بخش دولتی و خصوصی در صنایع ‌پایین‌دستی نفت ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری ،‌گروه مدیریت دولتی،‌دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی،‌واحد علوم و تحقیقات ،‌تهران،ایران

2 استاد،‌گروه مدیریت دولتی،‌دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی،‌واحد علوم و تحقیقات،تهران،‌ایران

3 استادیار،گروه مدیریت دولتی،‌دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی،‌واحد تهران مرکز،‌تهران،‌ایران

چکیده

     یکی از مهم‌ترین روش‌های حضور بخش خصوصی در توسعه و بهره‌برداری صنایع کشور، توسعه قراردادهای مشارکت دولتی- خصوصی است که اصلاح رویه‌ها، هماهنگی بین بخش دولتی و خصوصی، استفاده از ظرفیت‌های هر دو بخش و ایجاد الگوی بهینه مشارکت دولتی- خصوصی در این حوزه لازمه تحقق این مهم بشمار می‌آید. هدف پژوهش حاضر، ارائه الگوی مشارکت بخش دولتی- خصوصی در صنایع پایین دستی نفت ایران می‌باشد. در اجرای این پژوهش از رویکرد آمیخته استفاده شده است که بدین منظور25 خبره از مدیران ارشد صنایع پایین‌دستی نفت ایران انتخاب شدند. پس از بررسی منابع نظری و پیشینه پژوهش با مصاحبه با خبرگان، مدل مشارکت دولتی- خصوصی در صنایع پایین دستی نفت ایران شامل 6 بعد، 22 مقوله و 35 شاخص احصاء گردید. ابعاد مدل عبارتند از: هسته مشارکت( تعامل فراگیر)،  شرایط زمینه‌ای مشارکت، شرایط علی مشارکت، شرایط مداخله گر مشارکت، راهبردهای مشارکت، پیامدهای مشارکت. سپس به منظور بررسی روایی بعدها و مقوله‌ها و شاخص‌ها ی به دست آمده با استفاده از روش دلفی در 3 راند، نتایج مورد بررسی خبرگان قرار گرفت و الگوی نهایی استخراج شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Design the Model of Public-Private Partnership in Downstream Iran’s Oil Industries

نویسندگان [English]

  • Samane Fayez 1
  • Abolhasan Faghihi 2
  • Saeed Sayad Shirkosh 3
1 PHD Student, Department of public Management, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran
2 Professor, Department of public Management, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistance Professor, , Department of public Management, Islamic Azad University, Central Branch, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Extended Abstract
Abstract
 One of the most important ways for the presence of private sector in the development and operation of the country’s industries is the development of public- private partnership agreements that improve procedures , coordination between the public and private sectors , use the capacities of both sectors, and create an optimal model of public- private participation is important in this area.
The purpose of this study is to design the model of public- private sector participation in Downstream Iranian Oil Industries. The research method in this study is exploratory and descriptive. In this study a qualitative and quantitative approach has been used. The statistical samples of this research in the qualitative section are 25 experts from the senior managers of Downstream Iran’s Oil Industries. After reviewing the research background with the expert’s comments, the public- private partnership model in Downstream Iran’s Oil Industries includes: 6 dimensions, 22 categories, and 35 indicators,was summarized. The dimensions of this model are: Inclusive interaction, Basing conditions of partnership, Causal condition of partnership, Interfering condition of partnership, participation’s strategies, Consequences of partnership.
In this research, in order to check the validity of dimension, category, indicator through theme analysis and using the Delphi method in 3 rounds, the results were reviewed by experts. Finally, the final model was extracted.
Introduction
One of the most important factors in achieving high economic growth,is the provision of the required infrustructure.Given the scarity of public sector financial resources, the use of finacial resources,expertise,productivity and creativity of the private sector to perform public sector tasks and increase the general level of community welfare are avoided, it is unacceptable.Iran also needs to use modern methods such as puvblic-private partnership to accelerate growth and development.
Iran’s oil industry consists of two parts:Upstream and Downstream industries.Given that transfer and partnership of the private sector is possible only in Downstream industries and according to the importance and neccessity of the issues raised,it can be claimed that by conducting research entitled design and testing the modle of public-private partnership in Downstream Iran’s oil industries,it is hoped that by correcting the procedures and coordination between the public and private sectors,creating opportunities for active participation of these two section.
Case study
In this qualitative research,elites of senior managers in Downstream Irans’s oil industries the research population and data collection.
Theoretical framework
From the last decades of 1970,privatization has become a dominate goal in the policies of some governments and countries have followed a particular model of privatization.From the beginning of the decade1980,governments faced two concerns:one is the increase in public’s sector debt and  another one is necessity of infrastructur’s develop.these concerns led to the private sector enter into the public sector investment.In the early 1990,new aspects were provided for private sector partnership and during the 1990and 2000decades,more countries turned to public_private partnership.A public-private partnership(ppp)is a cooperative arrangement between two or more public and private sectors,typically of a long-term nature.In other words,it involves governments and business that work together to complete a project and/or to provide services to the population.
According to the studies done,however there are good opportunities to develop the private sector partnership in Downstream Iran’s oil industries,but there are obstacles and problemes such as:existance of problems in financing,lack of comprehensive and permanent law,lack of familiarity of executive devices with p.p.p,lack of attractiveness to enter the private sector,lack of effective monitoring of activities and lack of integration in low and regulations.
 
 
Methodology
The research method in this study is fundamental, exploratory, descriptive.In this study a qualitative and quantitative approach has been used. The statistical sample of this research includes 25 elites from the senior managers of Downstream Iran’s oil industries .interviews and questionnaires were used to collect data and various tools such as reviewing documents and questionnaires were used.
In order to check the validity of dimension, catagory, indicator through theme analysis and using the Delphi method in 3 rounds.
Discussion and results
In this study, experts with managerial experience were used.Accordingly, relying on theoretical literature, knowledge and experience of experts in 3 rounds of Delphi method, experts were asked to identify the factors and variables of public- private partnership.
After reviewing the research background with the elites’s comments and performing the Delphi phase in 3 rounds, the modle of public_private partnership in Downstream Iran’s oil industries,including : 6 dimensions,22 categories and 35 indicators was summarized.
Conclusion
The results show that the dimensions and categories of the modle of public_private partnership in Downstream Iran’s oil industries are:

Inclusive Interaction(Inclusive intrtaction between the two parts)
Basing conditions of partnership(Economic factors, Political factors,    Financial factors, Legal factors, Cultuaral factors)
Casual conditions of partnership(Institutional and legal condition, Political condition , Human factors, Management factors)
Interfering conditions of partnership(Networking, Assignment)
Partnership’s strategies(Making clear, Formation of a think tank, Institutionalization, Analysis of tools)
Consequences of partnership(Employee interaction in two parts, Trust between the two parts, Interaction between the two parts, Modification of structures)

After identifying this dimentions and catagories the model was extracted.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Public_private partnership
  • Downstream Iran’s oil industries
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