شناسایی عوامل حیاتی اثرگذار بر تشکیل سرمایه رهبری در محیط های دانشگاهی: کاربرد دیمتل فازی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای مدیریت رفتار سازمانی، دانشگاه لرستان، خرم آباد، لرستان، ایران

2 استاد گروه مدیریت، دانشگاه لرستان، خرم آباد، لرستان، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه مدیریت، دانشگاه لرستان، خرم آباد، لرستان، ایران

چکیده

        هدف تحقیق حاضر، بررسی و احصاء عوامل حیاتی موثر بر تشکیل سرمایه رهبری در محیط­های دانشگاهی با استفاده از تکنیک دیمتل فازی بوده است. تحقیق حاضر از نوع تحقیق آمیخته اکتشافی است. در این پژوهش، مباحث نظری و عوامل احتمالی و مولفه­های موثر برسرمایه رهبری در دانشگاه­ها از طریق مطالعات کتابخانه­ای و مراجعه به مقالات فارسی و لاتین و مصاحبه با خبرگان که شامل مدیران دانشگاه­های برتر و مقامات تصمیم­گیر در حیطه آموزش عالی بودند، استخراج شده است. اصلی­ترین ابزار گردآوری اطلاعات در این پژوهش، مصاحبه و پرسشنامه است. به منظور بررسی عوامل موثر برسرمایه رهبری در دانشگاه­ها از روش دیمتل استفاده شده است. روش نمونه­گیری در این تحقیق به صورت هدفمند بوده و نمونه­گیری تا رسیدن به کفایت داده­ها ادامه یافت. حجم نمونه در این تحقیق 15 نفر بوده است. نتایج تحقیق نشان­دهنده این بوده که مولفه­های سرمایه­های رهبری در دانشگاه­ها  براساس میزان تاثیر گذاری به ترتیب عبارتند از: مهارت شبکه سازی، تفکر سیستمی، تفکر راهبردی و آینده نگر، سرآمدی علمی، شهرت، قابلیت مدیریت ذینفعان، شجاعت تصمیم گیری، تحول مداری، جاه طلبی سازمانی، تجربه مدیریتی، انضباط و قانون مداری، شخصیت یادگیرنده و میل به رهبری.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identification of Factors Influencing the Formation of Leadership Capital in Academic Environments: Application of Fuzzy dematel

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Ragh 1
  • Reza Sepahvand 2
  • Amirhoshangh Nazarpoori 3
  • Seyed Najmedin Mousavi 3
1 PhD Student, Department of Management, University of lorestan, Khorammabad, Lorestan, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Management, University of lorestan, Khorammabad, Lorestan, Iran
3 Assosiated Professor, Department of Management, University of lorestan, Khorammabad, Lorestan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Extended abstract
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to model the critical factors affecting the formation of leadership capital in academic environments using fuzzy dematel technique. The present research is an exploratory blended research.
In this research, theoretical discussions and possible factors and effective components influencing the capital of leadership in universities extracted through library study, referring to Persian and Latin papers and interviews with experts, including top university executives and decision makers in the field of higher education.
The main instruments for collecting information in this research, are interview and questionnaire. To investigate the factors influencing leadership capital in universities, the dematel method has been used.The sampling method was purposeful in this research and the sampling continued to reach the adequacy of the data. The sample size in this study was 48.
The results of the research show that the components of leadership capital in universities, based on the rate of impact, respectively are: Networking Skills, System Thinking, Strategic and Futuristic Thinking, Academic Excellence, Fame, Management Capability, Stakeholders, braveness in Decision, Orbital oriented, Organizational ambitions, Management experience, Discipline and law-order, Learner character and Leadership.
Introduction
The purpose of this study is to answer the following questions:
RQ1: What are the factors influencing the formation of leadership capital in academic settings?
RQ2: What is the relative importance of these factors?
RQ3: What factors have the highest priority in forming leadership capital in academic settings?
Case study
In this study, theoretical issues and possible effective factors on the capital leadership in universities through library studies and referring to Persian and Latin articles and interviews with experts, including managers of top universities in Tehran province and decision-making officials in the field of higher education, effective components on leadership capital extracted.
Materials and Methodology
 The present study is a mixed exploratory research. The main tools for gathering information in this research are interviews and questionnaires. Dimtel's method has been used to investigate the factors influencing leadership capital in universities. The sampling method in this study was targeted and sampling continued until sufficient data were obtained.
Discussion and Results
 In this study, with a thorough study of leadership literature, a complete set of factors affecting leadership capital in universities was collected. Finally, among the 15 factors influencing the formation of leadership capital in academic environments, 13 effective factors were identified using the experience of experts in the management and leadership of universities.
Conclusion
 Factors affecting the formation of leadership capital in this research include: discipline and rule of law, systemic thinking, scientific excellence, fame, decision-making courage, stakeholder management capability, orbital transformation, networking skills, strategic and forward-looking thinking, managerial experience, Organizational ambition, learning personality and leadership desire.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Keyword: Leadership
  • Leadership Capital
  • Dematel Fuzzy
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