ارزیابی وضعیت یادگیری الکترونیکی واحد آموزش مجازی دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مربی و عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان

2 کارشناس ارشد مدیریت فناوری اطلاعات، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان

چکیده

هدف از این پژوهش بررسی وضعیت یادگیری الکترونیکی در واحد آموزش های مجازی دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان از دیدگاه دانشجویان این واحد می باشد. پژوهش از نظر هدف کاربردی و از نظر روش توصیفی- پیمایشی می باشد. جامعه آماری تحقیق شامل کلیه دانشجویان واحد آموزش های مجازی دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان در سال تحصیلی 93-94 به تعداد 108 نفر می باشد. حجم نمونه آماری مطابق فرمول کوکران، معادل 84 نفر در نظر گرفته شد که به روش نمونه گیری تصادفی، انتخاب شدند. برای اندازه­گیری داده­ها، از پرسش نامه محقق ساخته استفاده شد. برای تعیین روایی، از نظر اساتید و کارشناسان حوزه مورد مطالعه، و برای تعیین پایایی پرسشنامه از ضریب آلفای کرونباخ (0.921) استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که وضعیت یادگیری الکترونیکی از لحاظ ابعاد ویژگی های فردی یادگیرنده و زیرساخت و فناوری مطلوب، از لحاظ پشتیبانی وضعیت نسبتاً مطلوب و از لحاظ محتوای آموزشی و سنجش و ارزیابی از وضعیت نامطلوبی برخوردار می باشد. همچنین بررسی شکاف میان میزان عملکرد و اهمیت هر یک از ابعاد و مؤلفه های یادگیری الکترونیکی، مشخص نمود که تمامی آنها دارای شکاف منفی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of E-Learning of the virtual learning program from the student's point of view

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hadi Esmaeeli 1
  • Shahpoor Rahmani 1
  • Ahmad Kazemi 1
  • Mostafa Aliahmadi 2
1 Department of Computer Engineering, University of Sistan & Baluchestan
2 M.A. in IT Management. University of Sistan & Baluchestan
چکیده [English]

Extended Abstract
The purpose of this study is to evaluate E-learning of the virtual learning program from the student's point of view in university of Sistan and Baluchestan, It gives a clear picture of the current state of e-learning in the university and provides useful information for the administrators to adopt policies and strategies for improving it. The study has a descriptive-scrolling design and suggests applied objectives. The research population were 108 college students in 2014-2015 academic year. A sample of 84 participants were randomly selected based on Cochran's formula. To collect the data, a researcher- made questionnaire was applied. To determine the validity of the questionnaire, the opinions of professors and experts in the field of study were asked and to estimate the reliability of the questionnaire Cronbach's alpha coefficient was used. The results of the study showed that learners’ individual characteristics and infrastructure factors were desirable, supporting was relatively desirable, and instructional content and evaluation methods were undesirable. Furthermore, investigating the gap between the performance and the importance of each component of electronic learning revealed that all of them had negative gaps. The negative gaps indicate that the students’ expectations are unfulfilled and have to be addressed.
 
Case study: University of Sistan and Baluchestan.
 
Materials and Methods
The study has a descriptive-scrolling design and suggests applied objectives. The research population were 108 college students in 2014-2015 academic year. A sample of 84 participants were randomly selected based on Cochran's formula. To collect the data, a researcher- made questionnaire was applied
 
Conclusion
The evaluation of e-learning development in universities and educational institutes has always been a concern of educational administrators. The present research aims to study e-learning of virtual learning program from the student's point of view in university of Sistan and Baluchestan. It is hoped to identify the strong and weak points of this program in the university and to suggest some policies the remove the barriers and to improve the present state. To this end, after reviewing the literature and consulting with prominent, professors of the field, five factors of individual characteristics, instructional content, infrastructure, supporting, evaluation and also 33 indexes related to these factors were selected. The results of the study showed that the individual characteristics are desirable which supports salim’s(2007) findings. The results showed that instructional content was undesirable which are in line with findings of Ghaedi(1385), Rastgarpour and Gorgizade(1391) and Noorollahi et al.(1392). It is desirable with respect to infrastructure condition which supports salim’s(2007) findings. With regard to supporting is undesirable which confirms Ghaedi(1385), Noorollahi et al.(1392) and anarinezhad and Mohammadi(1393) findings.
Moreover, the study of the gap between performance and importance of each component of e-learning revealed a negative gap. The existence of this negative gap indicates that the student’s expectations are not satisfied and some actions are required from the administrator’s side to fill these gaps.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • electronic learning
  • E-learning
  • virtual learning
  • evaluation
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