مدیریت منابع انسانی در کشورهای در حال گذار: رویکردی بوم شناسانه

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

10.22111/jmr.2012.652

چکیده

کارکردهای منابع انسانی نقش مهمی در توسعه کشورها ایفا می­کنند. اما در حالی­که بیشتر پژوهش­های حوزه مدیریت منابع انسانی در کشورهای توسعه یافته و صنعتی انجام شده است، در کشورهای در حال گذار پژوهشهای کافی در این زمینه صورت نگرفته است. همچنین به نظر می­رسد با وجود مطرح شدن بحثهایی مانند مدیریت راهبردی منابع انسانی، هنوز به نقش مهم ویژگیهای محیطی و تاثیر آن بر کارکردهای مدیریت منابع انسانی، توجه کافی نمی­شود. هدف این پژوهش مطالعه مدیریت منابع انسانی در کشورهای در حال گذار با رویکردی بوم شناسانه است. در این پژوهش تلاش شده مدیریت منابع انسانی از دیدگاه کلان مورد بررسی قرار گرفته و به تأثیر عوامل سیاسی، اقتصادی و اجتماعی/ فرهنگی بر کارکردهای مدیریت منابع انسانی اشاره شود. نتایج این پژوهش نشان می­دهد مدیریت منابع انسانی، در کشورهای توسعه یافته و در حال گذار، به نحو متفاوتی ادراک شده است. به نظر می­رسد می­توان ویژگیهایی را در کارکردهای مدیریت کشورهای در حال گذار مشاهده کرد که متأثر از ویژگیهای محیط پیرامونی آنهاست. این امر ضرورت اصلاحات مدیریت منابع انسانی در جوامع در حال گذار را از منظری بوم شناسانه محرز می­سازد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Human Resource Management in Developing Countries:an Ecological Perspective

چکیده [English]

HRM functions play a significant role in the development of nations. Review of literature reveals that while most of studies in the area of human resource management are devoted to developed world, studies on HRM in developing areas are few. The purpose of this article is to study the HRM functions in developing countries from an ecological perspective. The focus is to examine the political, economical and social/ cultural factors that affect HRM performance in these societies. Findings show that, perceptions on HRM differ greatly in developing and developed countries. That is; ecological factors among other variables have much influence in developing societies. These findings implicate a need for noticeable attention of HRM scholars to raise further research questions on this issue.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Human resource management- Ecological perspective- developing countries
منابع فارسی
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