کارآفرینی در بخش عمومی: رویکرد هم افزایی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

10.22111/jmr.2011.637

چکیده

ضرورت کارآفرینی به عنوان مفهومی چند بعدی در گفتمان مدیریت دولتی نوین مورد توجه قرار گرفته است. کارآفرینی عمومی، پاسخگویی به شهروندان و عملکرد بخش عمومی را بهبود بخشیده و منجر به افزایش سرمایه اجتماعی می شود. این مقاله، به تبیین کارآفرینی عمومی و اهمیت آن پرداخته و الگویی برای تحقق کارآفرینی در بخش عمومی ارائه می دهد. برای ارائه الگو، در گام نخست از روش فراتحلیل(مرور پیشینه کارآفرینی در بخش دولتی و خصوصی) و در گام دوم، برای تایید مؤلفه­ها از 15خبره دانشگاهی کارآفرینی و 15 کارگزار عمومی(شهرداری تهران) نظر سنجی شده است. برای استخراج میزان تناسب مفهوم سازی شومپیتر برای بخش عمومی و عوامل اثرگذارتر بر کارآفرینی از آمار توصیفی(میانگین) استفاده شده است. یافته­ها نشان می­دهد که زایش کارآفرینی در بخش عمومی نتیجه رابطه هم افزای (نه رابطه مجموع صفر) فرد، سازمان و محیط است. این عوامل به همراه هم و در یک رابطه تعاملی و هم افزا موجد کارآفرینی هستند. بنابراین، هر چه نقطه اشتراک سه عنصر بیشتر باشد، زایش و توسعه کارآفرینی در بخش دولتی محتمل­تر است. نهایتاً، کارآفرینی منجر به بهبود عملکرد(رضایت شهروندان) می گردد.  

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Entrepreneurship in Public Sector A: Synergistic Approach

چکیده [English]

 Necessity of entrepreneurship as a multidimensional concept in the discourse of new public management is considered. Public entrepreneurship improves accountability to citizens and public sector performance and can increase social capital. This paper explains the importance of entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship in the public sector and it provides a model for growth of entrepreneurship in the public sector. In The first step, to provide model is used exploration-Comparative method (reviewing literature of entrepreneurship in the public and private sectors) and the second step, to confirm the components of model has been polled 15 entrepreneurial academic experts and 15 Public officers (Tehran Municipality).To extract the proportion degree of Schumpeter’s conceptualization for public sector and important components was used the Mean Test. Results show that the synergistic relationship between the individual, organization and the environment (but not zero-sum relationship) leads to the growth of entrepreneurship in the public sector. These factors together in an interactive relationship can lead to entrepreneurship. So, whatever the amount is more common three elements, the development of entrepreneurship in the public sector is more likely. Ultimately, Entrepreneurship improves performance (citizen satisfaction).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • New Public Management
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Public Entrepreneurship
  • Synergistic Relation
  • performance

منابع فارسی

1-الوانی، سیّد مهدی(1388)، کارآفرینی: هم افزایی فرد، فرهنگ، جامعه، گزیده مدیریت، سال دهم، شماره 92، صص31-37.

2-محسنی، منوچهر(1379)، بررسی آگاهی ها، نگرش ها، و رفتارهای اجتماعی- فرهنگی در ایران، تهران، دبیرخانه شورای فرهنگ عمومی کشور.

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