رتبه‌بندی مولفه‌های کارآفرینانه اقتصاد مقاومتی با استفاده از AHP: ارئه مدل کارآفرینی مناسبِ اقتصاد مقاومتی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری گروه مدیریت آموزشی، واحد تهران غرب، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.

2 استاد گروه مدیریت آموزشی، واحد تهران غرب، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.

3 استادیار گروه مدیریت آموزشی، واحد تهران غرب، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.

4 دانشیار گروه ریاضی، واحد تهران غرب، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

10.22111/jmr.2019.25402.4013

چکیده

      کارآفرینی نقش مهمی در ایجاد یک آینده پایدار بازی می­کند؛ این مفهوم در بندهای مختلف سیاست­های کلی اقتصاد مقاومتی، هم به صورت آشکارا و هم تلویحی آمده است. مسئله این مقاله رتبه­بندی مولفه­های کارآفرینانه اقتصاد مقاومتی با استفاده از AHP به منظور ارئه مدل کارآفرینی مناسب اقتصاد مقاومتی بود. برای این کار از روش تحقیق آمیخته؛ کیفی (تحلیل گفتمان- پدام)؛ کمی (AHP) استفاده شد. ابزار کار دو پرسشنامه محقق­ساخته بود، که به تایید خبرگان رسیدند. پرسشنامه اول براساس مولفه­های بدست آمده از ادبیات پژوهش و روش­های تحقیق کیفی در قالب لیکرت ساخته شد. پرسشنامه دوم براساس نتایج پرسشنامه اول و در قالب فازی ساخته شد. جامعه آماری تحقیق، کلیه کارشناسان پارک­های علم و فناوری دانشگاه­ها بودند که از بین آنها 30 نفر از پارک­های علم و فناوری دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، دانشگاه علم و صنعت و دانشگاه تهران به صورت نمونه­گیری هدفمند انتخاب شدند. نتایج AHP نشان داد که مولفه­های اصلی زیرساخت­های کارآفرینی با امتیاز 0.444 بالاترین اهمیت، آسیب­شناسی فرایندهای کارآفرینی با امتیاز 0.180 رتبه دوم، و کشف فرصت­های کارآفرینی با امتیاز 0.140 رتبه سوم را با میزان ناسازگاری 0.07به خود اختصاص دادند. همچنین هر کدام از مولفه­های اصلی دارای تعدادی زیر مولفه بودند که به ترتیب رتبه­بندی شدند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Rating the Entrepreneurial Components of Resilient Economy by AHP: Designing Appropriate Entrepreneurial Model for Resistive Economy

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohsen Shamsi Goushki 1
  • Mohammad Sadegh Ziaiee 2
  • Hadi Rezghi shirsavar 3
  • Maryam Mosleh 4
1 PhD student, Department of Educational Management, West Tehran branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 Prof. Department of Educational Management, West Tehran branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant prof. Department of Educational Management, West Tehran branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
4 Associate prof. Department of Mathematics, West Tehran branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Extended Abstract
Abstract
Entrepreneurship plays an important role in a sustainable future. This concept can be seen in the various strands of the general policies of resistive economy both explicitly and implicitly. The purpose of this article was to Rating the Entrepreneurial Components of Resilient Economy by AHP to designing appropriate entrepreneurial model for resistive economy. For this mixed method; qualitative method (PEDAM and Delphi) quantitative method (AHP) was used in this study. The research tools are two researcher-made questionnaires that have been approved by the experts. The first questionnaire was compiled based on the components of the research literature and qualitative research methods in the Likert spectrum. The second questionnaire was based on the results of the first questionnaire in the fuzzy spectrum. The statistical population of the study was all experts in the science and technology parks of universities. Among them, 30 of the science and technology parks of Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, University of Science and Technology and University of Tehran were selected through targeted sampling. AHP results showed that the main components such as entrepreneurship infrastructure with a score of 0.444 was the most important, the pathology of entrepreneurship processes with a score of 0.180 was second, and the discovery of entrepreneurial opportunities with a score of 0.140 was third with an Inconsistency of 0.07. Also, each of the main components has a number of sub-components that were ranked in order respectively.
Introduction
Researchs shows that entrepreneurship plays an important role in creating a sustainable future alongside other components such as innovation and organizational quality (Ben yossef et al, 2018). For this reason, entrepreneurship has been able to take on a significant scientific background (Landstrom et al, 2018). However, in recent decades, developing countries have focused on increasing entrepreneurship (Halvarsson et al, 2018). An entrepreneur ignores the constraints of current resources, including financial, equipment, legal, and human resources when conceiving an idea and having a feeling of realization about it (Rezaian, 2011, PP 28-29). The global entrepreneurship monitor report of 2015 shows that the status of entrepreneurship in a resource-based economy such as Iran is very low. One of the reasons is the lack of employment options in Iran (Zali et al, 2015). Internal investigations do also confirm the results of that report (Ahmadpour Dariyani et al, 2014). This is the main issue that in recent years, with the intensification of western inhumane sanctions against the Islamic republic of Iran, with the aim of stopping the country's progress and development, with the excuse of the nuclear program, the economic situation became such that change was necessary. As a result of these pressures, the resistance economy was introduced as a solution (Rasi, et al, 2016). Here need to create entrepreneurship under the resistance economy is that Iran has many capacities and neglecting these capacities causes a grand great deal of damage and the cost-benefit cycle will always have a deficit (Hoseini Khamenei, 06.08.2003). Based on these, the main purpose of the present research is to Rating the Entrepreneurial Components of Resilient Economy by AHP. Also try to design appropriate entrepreneurial model based upon than components.
Case study
The statistical population of the study was all experts in the science and technology parks of universities. Among them, 30 case of the science and technology parks of Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, University of Science and Technology and University of Tehran were selected through targeted sampling.
Materials and methods
In order to achieve the research objectives, the past studies were systematically studied and the components of the entrepreneurship were identified, extracted and classified. Then, based on the Analytic Hierarchical Process, and by expert choice 11 software the entrepreneurial components were ranked.
Discussion and results
In order to identify entrepreneurial components, firstly, past studies and general policies of resistance economy have been investigated. Then, by collaboration with the experts of the science and technology parks, the main components were selected in terms of importance. Here more than 100 components were selected. After that, by SPSS software, the high-mean (μ ≥ 6) components were select again. Then the pairwise comparison questionnaire were used for implement the AHP process on selected components. These components analyzed by expert choice 11 software for prioritizing. Based on the analytic hierarchical process, the component “entrepreneurship infrastructure” was the most important entrepreneurial components, also the components such as “pathology of entrepreneurship processes” and the “discovery of entrepreneurial opportunities” were the other entrepreneurial components of resistive economy. Also, each of the main components has a number of sub-components that were ranked in order respectively.
Conclusion
According to the sub-components of the main component of entrepreneurship infrastructure, political stability, as the situation of political stability was better, the circumstances for knowledge-based companies is also suitable. Also based on two other sub-components System design of structures, and Elite networking, making a system that Elite can play their role better in it, would be a vital action for a resistive economy.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Entrepreneurship
  • rating
  • designing model
  • Resistive economy
  • AHP
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