عوامل کلیدی موفقیت شرکت های مستقر در مرکز رشد دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد مدیریت کارآفرینی دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر باهدف شناسایی عوامل کلیدی موفقیت شرکت‌های مستقر در مرکز رشد دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان انجام شد. روش این پژوهش برحسب هدف کاربردی و برحسب نوع داده‌ها آمیخته است؛ ارائه الگو در این پژوهش به روش کیفی فراترکیب انجام‌شده بدین‌صورت که با استفاده از روش فراترکیب 112 مقاله حوزه مرتبط با پژوهش موردبررسی و با کمک تحلیل محتوا، ابعاد و کدهای مربوطه استخراج و میزان اهمیت و اولویت هر یک به کمک روش کمی آنتروپی شانون تعیین شد. جامعه آماری این پژوهش، مدیران و متخصصان شرکت‌های مستقر در مرکز رشد دانشگاه سیستان  و بلوچستان هستند که تعدادشان 120 نفر در 31 شرکت برآورد شد. برای همه شرکت‌های جامعه پرسشنامه ارسال شد ولی درنهایت 25 شرکت پاسخ دادند. لذا این تعداد به‌عنوان حجم نمونه در نظر گرفته شد و به‌منظور تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها از روش تحلیل عاملی تأییدی با کمک نرم‌افزار  SMART PLS نسخه دو استفاده گردید. طبق یافته‌های تحقیق پیشران‌های شناسایی‌شده در این الگو در دو بعد درون‌سازمانی (نیروی انسانی، خط‌مشی سازمانی)، برون‌سازمانی (عوامل حمایت‌کننده و زیرساخت‌ها) دسته‌بندی‌شده‌اند؛ در این میان ابعاد دو‌گانه درون‌سازمانی و برون‌سازمانی به ترتیب83% ، 77%  از تغییرات الگوی موفقیت شرکت‌های مستقر در مرکز رشد را تبیین می‌کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study the key Factors of Success of the Companies Based in the Growth Center of Sistan and Baluchestan University

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hamed Aramesh 1
  • Soheila Keshavarz 2
1 Assistant Professor , Faculty of management and Economic, University of Sistan and Baluchestan. Zahedan, Iran
2 Master of Entrepreneurship Management ,University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Abstract                                                                                                                             
The present research was conducted with the aim of identifying the key factors of success the companies based in the growth center of Sistan and Baluchestan University. The method of this research is based on the purpose of the application and is based on the type of data ؛The presentation of the model in this study was carried out in a qualitative way. Thus, using the method of overview, 112 articles related to the research field were examined and with the help of content analysis The relevant dimensions and codes were extracted and the importance and priority of each were determined by the Shannon entropy quantitative method .The statistical population of this study is all managers and specialists of companies based in the center of growth of Sistan and Baluchestan University  that are 120 people in 31 company. At last 25 coompanies answerd the questionnaires as sample size.                                                                                                             To analyze the data, the confirmatory factor analysis method was used with the help of SMART PLS version 2 software. According to research findings, the propagators identified in this model have been categorized in two dimensions: internal organization (human resources, organizational policy), outsourcing (supporting factors and infrastructure); In the meantime, internal and external dimensions within the organization and outsourcing account for 83%, 77% of the change in the pattern of success of the companies located in the center of growth.                              
Introduction                                                                                                                       
Statement of the problem                                                                                                
In recent decades, and in line with the entrepreneurial revolution, knowledge economy has replaced the physical economy reliant on labor and capital, and entrepreneurship is the focus of economic development, Under such conditions, knowledge and technology play a key role in the economic growth of companies and countries.In this regard, small and medium companies to approach science and technology can boost the economy and improve production was effective (Abor & Quartey, 2010), and as an engine for economic growth around the world, especially developing countries consider that units in Incubators, Some of these companies are considered. Although traditional centers of growth and science and technology parks are currently active in the country, But there are weaknesses such as: the lack of post-growth services in them, the existence of spatial constraints, time constraints and governing bureaucracies in them, the growth and diversity of technological ideas in the field of information and communication technology business and their lack of support due to resource constraints and space Physically unprotected, the lack of fast and fair access of entrepreneurs to resources from everywhere throughout the country has led to the failure to achieve the desired achievements in the field of launching and developing new businesses (Mohammadian et al., 2015: 125). Considering the importance of growth centers, the researcher sought to study the key factors behind the success and failure of companies based in growth centers.                                                                                                                                
Research method                                                                                                              
In this research To investigate past research and interpret them, the meta-synthesis method has been used. In addition to the meta-analysis, there are several studies to integrate into comprehensive and interpretive findings. In this study, the Seven-step method of Sandlowski and Barroso 2007 was used. The statistical population of this study is all managers and specialists of companies based in the center of growth of Sistan and Baluchestan University. The research sample was selected by census method. To analyze the data, the confirmatory factor analysis method was used with the help of SMART PLS version 2 software. In this research, in the first stage, data collection was performed through a search of articles from the relevant electronic databases. A management specialist was used to search terms.  After careful consideration and some initial  searches of the electronic databases were selected as follows: JCR, Emerald, Science Direct, Springer, and Specialty Light Noor Mag Iran, Iran Dak, Comprehensive Human Sciences Portal, Scientific Information Database of Jahad University. Articles and books reviewed for years (2008-2018). In the second step, the field method is used to collect information for accountability and validation of the suggested model of research.                                                                                        
Discussion                                                                                                                         
Initially, the Meta- Synthesis method was used to identify the factors of success of companies based on growth centers. The results of the study were illustrated as a pattern in which the success factors were classified into both interoffice and outsourcing dimensions. The internal dimension is the factors that are related to the organization and the place where the individual is engaged, in other words, within the organization, the space that governs the companies located in the growth centers, the facilities and facilities available to them. In this dimension, based on the study of previous researches and extracted codes, the components of human resources and organizational policy were identified. The human resources component is: the existence of a strong management team, the presence of specialized staff, the existence of experienced consulting teams. The organizational policy component is: marketing and sales capabilities, collaboration between companies based in growth centers and companies outside growth centers, customer orientation, research and development, knowledge management, communication with competitors, the formation of cultural platforms for the creation of companies Creative and innovative in growth centers. The outsourcing dimension is the factor that companies based in growth centers do not have a role to play. In this dimension, based on the study of previous researches and extracted codes, the components of supporting factors and infrastructure were identified. Supporting elements include: government support policies, university support and research centers from companies based in growth centers, industry support from companies based in growth centers, financial support of investors, services centers for growth to companies based in these centers. The infrastructure component is: IT-related infrastructure (software, hardware, network and hardware), physical infrastructure, patents and intellectual property. In order to validate the research model, a confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling using SMART PLS software, a two-part version were used. Initially, the factor loads of the model were evaluated in the software; since all factor loads greater than or equal to 0.4 were the model's reliability, and no index of the research model was eliminated. In the next step, in order to confirm confirmatory factor, the coefficient of each index with its structure should be higher than 1. 96 at a significant level of 95% and higher than 2. 56 at a significant level of 99%. In this case the index of precision for measuring the structure is latent trait (Nunnally and Bernstein, 1994). Given that the desirability of the indicators has been carried out at a 99% confidence level, there will be significant numbers between 2/56 and 2/56. Indicators considered for the components of the external and internal dimensions of the dimensions of the success of the companies based on the growth center have had a significant explanatory effect because the meaningful number obtained for them is outside the  scope of absolute magnitude of 2.56. The results of the pattern test in the standard state show that the human and organizational policy are respectively 81% and 96% of the internal organizational dimension of the model respectively. The results also show that the components of supporting factors and infrastructure are 93% and 83% of the outsourcing dimension of the model, respectively. The results of second-order factor confirmation show that internal and external dimensions of 83% and 77% of the changes in the pattern of success of the companies based on the growth center are explained, respectively.                                                                                                                       
Result                                                                                                                                  
The main objective of this study is to study the key factors of success the companies based in the center of growth of the University of Sistan and Baluchestan. Using the method of furthering the dimensions and components of the success of the companies located in the center of growth was explained. The proposed research pattern consists of 2 dimensions, 4 components and 18 indicators. In order to validate the theoretical model of the research, a questionnaire was designed and distributed among the staff of the organization. The reliability of this questionnaire was assessed through formal and factor analysis. To assess the reliability of this questionnaire, Cronbach's alpha was used. In order to analyze the data in the inferential statistics section, using structural equations and confirmatory factor analysis, the validity of the proposed model of the research was investigated and the fittest of the model was examined. Finally, the model of success factors of the companies based in growth centers was presented using confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Technology units
  • center of growth
  • academic growth center
  • dimensions of success
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