طراحی مدل کنش پس اندازی: پیش آیندها، پس آیندها و استراتژی های کنش و واکنش (مورد مطالعه: سازمان های دولتی استان ایلام)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه مدیریت، پیام نور،ایران

2 استادیار، پردیس دانشگاهی باختر، ایلام، ایران

چکیده

برخی کنشگران اجتماعی بصورت هدفمند، آگاهانه و بر اساس طرح از پیش تعیین شده­ای، رفتارهایی همچون تملق، چاپلوسی، عرض ارادت بیش از حد، دید و بازدیدهای بیش از عرف و سایر چنین رفتارهایی را مرتکب می­شوند تا در موقعیت­های آتی از این پس­انداز جهت کسب قدرت و منافع اقتصادی استفاده نمایند. این کنش­گری­ها معلول عوامل خرد و کلانی هستند که علاوه بر تهدید سلامت و اثربخشی سازمان، باعث نهادینه شدن رفتارهای نابهنجار در سازمان می­گردند. هدف مقاله حاضر، شناسایی علل و پیامدهای نظریه کنش پس­اندازی در میان کارکنان سازمان­های دولتی براساس تئوری داده­بنیان می­باشد. پژوهش به روش کیفی، و  با بهره­گیری از نظر متخصصان، و افراد باتجربه در این زمینه انجام شده است. تعداد افراد نمونه را20 نفراز مدیران واساتید دانشگاه، تشکیل داده است. پس از کدگزاری، مفهوم سازی و مقوله بندی مدل تشکیل گردید. نتایج تجزیه وتحلیل یافته­ها ‏ نشان دادکه ضمن مشخص شدن استراتژی­های کنش و واکنش پس­اندازی ‏7 عامل علی، 4 عامل زمینه­ساز، و4 عامل مداخله­گر منجر به بوجودآمدن کنش پس‌اندازی می­شوند. همچنین مشخص گردیدکه کنش پس­اندازی منجربه عدم توجه به شایسته­سالاری، حاکمیت رفتارهای ثناگویانه وارزیابی­های ناعادلانه می­گردد. در نهایت کیفیت و آزمون مدل مفهومی، به ترتیب، از طریق اعتبار اشتراک و حشو و مدل معادلات ساختاری مورد بررسی و تایید قرار گرفت. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Designing a Saving Action Model: Preliminary, Future, and Action and Reaction Strategies Case Study: Governmental Organizations in Ilam Province

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Ghorbani 1
  • jahan Abdi 2
1 Assistant Prof, faculty of management, payamnoor , iran
2 Assistant Prof, faculty of management, bakhtar university,ilam,iran
چکیده [English]

Abstract
 In recent decades, the daily routine of people has suffered a lot. Some of these behaviors have been driven towards profitable, individualistic, and futuristic behaviors. Each person's conduct is aimed at achieving a goal that is wholly profitable on the basis of believable, good or bad. Some social activists deliberately, consciously and on the basis of a predetermined plan, behave like flattering, sycophancy, excessive desires, seeing and observing more than the custom, and others commit such behaviors in situations Future of this Saving Action will be used to gain power and economic benefits. These actions are caused by micro and macro factors that, in addition to the health and effectiveness of the organization, make institutionalization of non-standard behaviors organized.    
Introduction
According to the "Saving Action Theory", individual organizational interactions with other institutional stakeholders are considered as coins that are saved in the capital of communication capital, to be exploited when needed. This benefit can be achieved through the promotion of target audiences at organizational posts or even using their social capital to acquire organizational interests.بیشتر ببینید
نمایش موارد کمتر
 
Case study
The purpose of this paper is to identify the causes and consequences of the Saving Action theory of  among employees of governmental organizations based on data theory.
Materials and MethodsSince the purpose of this study is to use the knowledge and experiences of individuals and their interpretations of the cause of post-operative action In organizations and management, in order to achieve a theory in this field, the use of the theory method The emergence of the data seemed to be justifiable. The present research has been conducted in terms of purpose, fundamental and in terms of method, survey and using the Corbin and Strauss pattern.
The research is carried out in a qualitative way, and the practice of experts and experienced people in this field. The number of students is 20 in the number of university administrators. After coding, the conceptualization and categorization of the model was formed. The non-intestinal sampling method was applied purposefully and theoretically. After deliberate and intentional referral to managers who either had experience in post-traumatism or rescue workers, they first described the postponement action, then with them An interview was conducted, eventually asking them to provide other users with such an analysis. The process of data collection and interviewing continued until the rest of the collected data was repeated, and this was the same stage of theoretical saturation of the research. To test the conceptual model and to evaluate its quality, factor analysis, and the validity and validity of the material have been abused. The use of multiple evaluators and different resources in research evaluation (the relevant faculty members who have knowledge of knowledge, organizational managers, and people who have worked in the same field) have the reliability of the research. It makes the efficiency and effectiveness of floor saturation, along with the optimization of data quality Guaranteed. In the statistics section, structural equation modeling using PLS method was used to estimate path coefficients (Beta). Also, for calculating the path coefficients and obtaining the T-statistic, the boot strab test (open sampling method via placement) was used.
Discussion and Results
Based on the results obtained from the model, it can be seen that a total of 15 factors cause a Saving Action, all of which can be achieved using strategies that prevent employees from postponing operations.
The results of the analysis showed that, while identifying strategies for action and Saving Action (cultivating meritocracy culture, silencing, evaluating performance based on objective criteria, participatory management, teaching how to identify and combat with behavioral behaviors Post-hoc, the growth of non-activating post-thawing )7 causative agents, 4 causative agents, and 4 interventional agents lead to postponement.
Conclusion
The Saving Action  is the art of people who are unable to achieve their desired success by employing normal and normal methods of society or work environment and by resorting to various ways of flattery, language of play, informing, spying, duplicity, Adult guards, and excessive people, try to compensate for the vacuum created by their personal and professional weaknesses in their community or work environment. It has been determined that post-exercise action leads to a lack of attention to meritocracy, the rule of dual behaviors, and unfair valuations. Saving Action is a series of self-conscious behaviors that individuals use to satisfy individuals with the control of rewards and resources needed so that they can achieve their goals in the future. Saving Action is seen among people who do not have enough expertise and are trying to maintain or enhance themselves. In a society where there is no place for free expression and criticism. Both the community and the family are affected by this behavior.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • "action"
  • " Rescue action"
  • "purposefulness"
  • "structural equation modeling"
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