ارائه مدل بومی برای ارتقاء سطح توسعه یافتگی استان سیستان و بلوچستان با رویکرد توسعه پایدار

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای مدیریت دولتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد کرمان، گروه مدیریت دولتی، کرمان، ایران.

2 استادیار دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد کرمان، گروه مدیریت دولتی، کرمان، ایران.

3 استادیار دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد کرمان، گروه اقتصاد، کرمان، ایران.

4 استادیار دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، دانشکده ریاضی و کامپیوتر، بخش آمار، کرمان، ایران.

چکیده

یکی از آرمان‌های تمامی ملت‌ها و جوامع را توسعه و دستیابی به سطح بهتری از زندگی تشکیل می‌دهد. لذا، امروزه کاهش نابرابری‌های منطقه‌ای، به عنوان چالشی اساسی در مسیر توسعه، مورد توجه دولت‌ها است. پژوهش حاضر با هدف ارائه مدل بومی برای ارتقاء سطح توسعه‌یافتگی استان سیستان و بلوچستان با رویکرد توسعه پایدار، انجام شده است. این پژوهش از نظر هدف، کاربردی و توسعه‌ای، و از نظر روش، توصیفی از نوع همبستگی و ترکیبی از مطالعات کتابخانه‌ای و میدانی می‌باشد. جامعه آماری این پژوهش در روش دلفی، خبرگان آگاه به موضوع بوده‌اند که از میان آنها تعداد ۸۰ خبره با روش نمونه‌برداری گلوله برفی انتخاب شده است. برای آزمون مدل ارائه شده نیز، جامعه آماری پژوهش شامل کلیه شاغلان دارای تحصیلات عالی در استان سیستان و بلوچستان بوده‌اند که با استفاده از روش نمونه‌برداری قضاوتی، تعداد ۳۸۲ نفر به عنوان نمونه انتخاب شده‌ و داده‌های مورد نیاز به‌وسیله پرسشنامه محقق ساخته جمع‌آوری گردیده است. روایی سازه، به وسیله تحلیل عاملی تأییدی ارزیابی گردیده است. پایایی ابزار تحقیق با روش آلفای کرونباخ برابر ۰٫۹۶۸ به‌دست آمده است که نشان‌دهنده قابلیت اعتماد قابل قبول پرسش‌نامه می‌باشد. نتایج تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از آزمون‌های آماری مناسب و با کمک نرم‌افزارهای SPSS و آموس منجر به ارائه مدل و نشان‌دهنده برازش مطلوب مدل ارائه شده می‌باشد. همچنین، مشخص شده است که متغیرهای اجتماعی، اقتصادی، و زیست‌محیطی، با توسعه پایدار در استان همبستگی معنادار دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Providing a Native Model for Promoting the Development Level of Sistan and Baluchestan Province with Sustainable Development Approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • Vahid Pourshahabi 1
  • Masoud Pourkiani 2
  • Mohsen Zayandeh roodi 3
  • Ayoub Sheikhi 4
1 Ph.D. Student, Department of Management, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Management, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran.
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Statistics, Faculty of Mathematics and Computer, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
چکیده [English]

Abstract
Today, the governments attention is to reducing regional disparities as a major challenge in the development. This study has been done with aims to provide local model to promote the development of the Sistan and Baluchestan province with sustainable development approach.
Introduction
Over the past half century, many efforts have been made to reach a satisfactory level of development that has been accompanied by relative successes and failures (Akhondi et al., 2014: 69). Since today the world and the life of the earth are in real danger due to improper exploitation of nature, destruction, pollution and, principally "uncertainty" (Aghayi, 2004: 11); in response to the deficiencies of the conventional concepts of development, the paradigm of "sustainable development" was presented to solve these problems (Maleki Nia et al., 2015: 2).  Considering the fact that according to the research, Sistan and Baluchestan Province, as one of the border provinces in the south-east of Iran, is in terms of the level of development among the provinces of the country in the last ranks (Pour Asghar Sangachin and et al., 2013; Sheikh Beigloo and et al., 2013; Taghvai et al., 2012; Nasr Elahi et al., 2012), and need to pay enough attention and make special decisions to eliminate the deprivation. Therefore, the main problem of this research is that: What are the development indicators of Sistan and Baluchestan province with sustainable development approach?
Case study
The main objective of this paper is to provide a native model for promoting the development level of Sistan and Baluchestan province with a sustainable development approach.
Materials and Methods
This research is applied and developmental in terms of purpose and it is a descriptive correlation method. Also, this research is a combination of library and field studies and Delphi technique is used to implement the field method. The data gathering tool in this research is a researcher-made questionnaire, which is based on five-choice Likert scale with a scale of 1 to5.
Discussion and Results
Several indices can be used to fit the model. One of the most important indicators is the RMSEA index. According to the results of the analysis of the research data, the RMSEA = 0.074. Since the RMSEA index is less than 0.1, so fitting the model is desirable. Models whose RMSEA is 0.1 or more are poorly fitted (Houman, 2015: 245). According to the findings of the analysis of the data of this research, the native model has three dimensions for promoting the development level of Sistan and Baluchestan Province with a sustainable development approach. These dimensions are 1- social, 2- economics, and 3- environmental. This model includes 23 indicators.
Conclusion
The relative priority given to different dimensions of sustainable development is different in each country, society, culture, and even in any situation and over time. For this reason, while sustainable development is a global challenge, studies have shown that practical responses can only be defined nationally and locally. This research was conducted in seven stages, seeking to provide a native model for promoting the development level of Sistan and Baluchestan province with a sustainable development approach. As the research findings show, the proposed model has been approved after various stages of this research. Therefore, in order to promote the development level of Sistan and Baluchestan province with sustainable development approach, according to the model obtained from this research, suggestions are presented.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Development
  • sustainable development
  • Sistan and Baluchestan province
  • local model

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